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Agricultural Science WAEC Syllabus for SSCE and GCE 2023-2024

DownloadAgricultural Science WAEC Syllabus for SSCE and GCE 2023-2024. This WAEC Syllabus should serve as your guide for tackling WAEC questions in Agricultural Science.

With this syllabus, you will therefore know exactly which topics to read before preparing for your exams.

What is WAEC?

The West African Examinations Council (WAEC) is an examination board established by law to determine the examinations required in the public interest in the English-speaking West African countries, to conduct the examinations and to award certificates comparable to those of equivalent examining authorities internationally.

It is similar to the Cameroon GCE Board or the Uganda National Examination Board (UNEB).

 The WAEC was established in 1952 and has contributed to education in Anglophonic countries of West Africa (Ghana, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Gambia), with the number of examinations they have coordinated, and certificates they have issued.

They also formed an endowment fund, to contribute to education in West Africa, through lectures, and aid to those who cannot afford education.

The council conducts four different categories of examinations which are;

  • International Examinations,
  • National Examinations,
  • Examinations conducted in collaboration with other examining bodies,
  • and Examinations conducted on behalf of other examining bodies.

 The International exams are exams taken in the five countries with the WAEC ordinance. It consists of WASSCE (West African Senior School Certificate Examination):


The National examinations are taken in individual countries. They include:

  • the Junior Secondary School Certificate for Nigeria and the Gambia,
  • Junior and Senior High School Certificate Examinations for Liberia,
  • National Primary School and Basic Education Certificate Examinations for Sierra Leone,
  • Basic Education Certificate Examinations for Ghana, and
  • Senior School Certificate Examinations for Ghana.

The council also coordinates examinations in collaboration with some trustworthy examination bodies. These include:

The council also conducts examination in West Africa on behalf of international examination bodies. These include:

  • University of London GCE
  • Scholastic Aptitude Test and Graduate Record Examinations for Educational Testing Service, Princeton, USA, and
  • JAMB (Joint Admissions and Matriculations Board) examination in countries outside Nigeria.

Agricultural Science WAEC Syllabus



This syllabus has been designed to portray Agricultural Science as an applied science with an emphasis on the acquisition of knowledge and skills associated with the content. A general review of the Junior Secondary School Agricultural Science syllabus is presumed.

Candidates will be expected to answer questions on all the topics set out in the column headed syllabus. The notes therein are intended to indicate the scope of the questions which will be set, but they are not to be considered as an exhaustive list of limitations and illustration.

Every school offering Agricultural Science must:
(i) establish a farm where crops are grown;
(ii) keep at least one species of ruminant and one non-ruminant;
(iii) establish a fish pond where feasible.

Candidates should have practical notebooks which should contain records of individual activities based on laboratory and individual observations carried out on the school farms, field trips and also records of specimens collected. In order to enhance the effective teaching/learning process and better performance of candidates, continuous assessment of candidates is recommended.

Since the main objectives of the Senior Secondary School Agricultural Science Curriculum are to:

(i) stimulate and sustain students’ interest in agriculture;
(ii) enable students to acquire functional knowledge and practical skills to prepare them for further studies and occupation in agriculture it is recommended that the study of Agricultural Science in the Senior Secondary School be supplemented by visits to well-established government and private experimental and commercial farms, agricultural research institutes and other institutions related to agriculture.


There will be three papers: Papers 1, 2 and 3 all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 will be composite paper to be taken in one sitting.

PAPER 1: Will consist of fifty multiple choice questions to be answered within 50
minutes for 50 marks.

PAPER 2: This paper will consist of six essay questions with each drawn from at least two themes in the syllabus. Candidates will be required to answer five of the questions within 2 hours 10 minutes for 90 marks.

PAPER 3: Will be a practical paper for school candidates and an alternative to practical paper for private candidates. It will consist of four questions, all of which should be answered within 1½ hours for 60 marks.

Download the full syllabus in PDF

Above we have just the introductory part of this Agricultural Science WAEC Syllabus. Download the full PDF version below.

Written by Infos Education

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